Quiz: Electrical Engineering

Exam: UPPSC-AE

Topic: Miscellaneous

Each question carries 1 mark.

Negative marking: 1/3 mark

Time: 10 Minute

Q1. The relative permeability of a medium is equal to (with M=magnetization of medium and H=magnetic field strength)

(a) 1+M/H

(b) 1-M/H

(c) 1+√(M/H)

(d) 1-√(M/H)

Q2. For the circuit given in figure below the power delivered by the 2-volt source is given by

(a) 4 W

(b) -4 W

(c) 2 W

(d) -2 W

Q3. Elements R, L and C are connected in parallel, the impedance of the parallel combination can be expressed as

Z(s)=10s/(s^2+s+400)

The value of the individual elements R, L and C are

(a) 10 Ω, 40 H and 0.1 F

(b) 10 Ω, 1/40 H and 0.1 F

(c) 4 Ω, 1 H and 0.1 F

(d) 1 Ω, 40 H and 10 F

Q4. Which of the following represents the operating region slips of a 1-phase induction motor?

(a) 0<s<2

(b) -2<s<2

(c) 0<s<1

(d) -1<s<1

Q5. If the torque/weight ratio of an instrument is low, then it can be concluded that

(a) The meter will have a uniform scale

(b) The meter will have the non-uniform scale

(c) The sensitivity of the meter will be high

(d) The sensitivity of the meter will be low

Q6. The Ybus matrix of a 100-bus interconnected system is 80% sparse. Then, the number of transmission lines in the system must be

(a) 1500

(b) 1900

(c) 3000

(d) 950

Q7. Consider the following statements in connection with frequency domain specifications of a control system:

1.Resonant peak and peak overshoot are both functions of the damping ratio ξ only.

2.The resonant frequency ω_r=ω_n for ξ > 0.707.

3.Higher the resonant peak, higher is the maximum overshoot of the step response.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q8. An ideal transformer has an input voltage of 480V. The output current and voltage are 10A and 120V respectively. Determine the value of input current-

(a) 25 A

(b) 2.5 A

(c) 0.25 A

(d) 0.025 A

Q9. The no-load current drawn by transformer is usually what percentage of the full-load current?

(a) 0.2 to 0.5 %

(b) 12 to 15 %

(c) 20 to 30 %

(d) 2 to 5 %

Q10. The secondary winding of which of the following transformers is always kept closed?

(a) Current transformer

(b) Voltage transformer

(c) Power transformer

(d) Step-down transformer

SOLUTIONS

S1. Ans.(a)

Sol. Magnetic susceptibility(X)=M/H=µ_r-1

Where, µ_r=relative permeability

∴µ_r=1+X=1+M/H

S2. Ans.(c)

Sol.

Here, i=2/1=2 A

On applying KCL at node a: I=i-1=2-1=1 A

i.e. the current delivered by the voltage source=1 A

∴power delivered by the voltage source=2×1=2 W

S3. Ans.(b)

Sol. Given that, Z(s)=10s/(s^2+s+400)

∴Y(s)=1/Z(s) =(s^2+s+400)/10s=s/10+1/10+40/s=sC+1/R+1/SL

On comparing: C=1/10 F,R=10 Ω and L=1/40 H

S4. Ans.(a)

Sol. In a 1-phase induction motor, due to both forward and backward torque slips, the operating region lies between 0 and 2. In motoring mode slip is 0 to 1 and breaking mode 1 to 2.

S5. Ans.(d)

Sol. The low torque/weight ratio signifies heavy weight of the moving system due to which the instrument incurs frictional losses hence the sensitivity will be low.

S6. Ans.(d)

Sol. Number of buses, N=100

Sparsity, s=0.8

Then, the number of transmission lines is given as: N_T=(N^2 (1-s)-N)/2=(100^2 (1-0.8)-100)/2

⇒N_T=(100×19)/2=950

S7. Ans. (c)

Sol. → Resonant Peak (M_r) = 1/(2ξ √(1-ξ²))

Peak overshoot = e (-ξπ)/√(1-ξ²)

Resonant frequency (wr) = Wn √(1-2ξ²)

For ξ = 0

wr = Wn.

S8. Ans.(b)

Sol. V₁I₁ = V₂I₂

⇒ I₁ = (V₂I₂)/(V₁)

=(120×10)/480=2.5 A

S9. Ans.(d)

Sol. Current required to set up magnetic flux in a magnetic material is rather low. Hence no-load primary current is a very small fraction of the rated full load current

S10. Ans.(a)

Sol. Because if CT secondary is not shorted then it can develop a very high voltage across secondary which may damage transformer insulation.