Quiz: Electrical Engineering
Each question carries 1 mark.
Negative marking: 1/3 mark
Time: 10 Minute
Q1. 100% string efficiency means
(a) self-capacitance is zero
(b) shunt capacitance is maximum
(c) self-capacitance is maximum
(d) shunt capacitance is zero
Q2. Wave-wound generators provide
(a) less current but more voltage
(b) more current but less voltage
(c) more current and more voltage
(d) none of the above
Q3. In a synchronous motor, the stator frame is made of………
(a) Stainless steel
(c) Cast iron or welded steel plates
(d) Laminated silicon steel
Q4. A 230 V, 50 Hz single-phase energy meter has a load current of 10 A at p.f. of 0.8 lagging. The energy consumed by the load in 2 minutes is
(a) 1.2 kWh
(b) 0.06 kWh
(c) 2.4 kWh
(d) 4.2 kWh
Q5. Field control of a DC shunt motor gives–
(a) Constant kW drive
(b) Constant torque drive
(c) Constant speed drive
(d) Variable load speed drive
Q6. One lux is:
(a) 1 lumen/m²
(b) 4π lumen/mt²
(c) 1 lumen mt
(d) 1 candela
Q7. Hard magnetic materials are used for manufacturing ……
Q8. If a conductor of length ‘l’ is moving with a velocity of ‘v’ in a magnetic field B. The induced emf will be
Q9.A circuit has an impedance of (1 – j 2) Ω. The susceptance of the circuit is …….
(a) 0.1 S
(b) 0.2 S
(c) 0.4 S
(d) None of these
Q10. The relative permittivity of a material is 10. Its absolute permittivity will be
(a) 8.854×10^(-11) F/m
(b) 9×10^8 F/m
(c) 5×10^(-5) F/m
(d) 9×10^5 F/m
Sol. If shunt capacitance is zero the charging current through each disc will be the same. This means that voltage across each disc is the same. This in turn means 100% string efficiency.
Sol. Wave – wound has only two parallel paths. Wave-wound generators provide less current but more voltage.
Sol. in synchronous motor: –
(A)Stator frame → made up of Cast iron/welded steel plates
(B)Core → made up of silicon steel
Sol. Energy consumed by the load in 2 minutes
=(V I cosϕ)/1000×t=(230 × 10 × 0.8)/1000×2/60 = 0.06 KWh
Sol. There are 3 types of speed control for dc drives: –
(i) Armature voltage control
(ii) Field flux control
(iii) Armature resistance control
Armature voltage control technique gives high efficiency but below base speed.
So, above base speed, Field flux control is used, where by weakening the field, speed above base speed can be achieved because these two are inversely proportional to each other.
Sol. One lux=1 lumen/m²
Sol. Hard magnets, also referred to as permanent magnets, are magnetic materials that retain their magnetism after being magnetised. It is used for manufacturing permanent magnets.
Sol. The emf induced in a straight conductor of length l moving with velocity v perpendicular to a magnetic field B is: E =Blvsinθ.
B=Xc/Z^2 =2/((1)^2+(2)^2 )=2/5=0.4 S
∴ Absolute permittivity, = ε=ε0 εr=8.854×10^(-12)×10=8.854×10^- 11 F/m